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EICR Electrical Installation Condition Report Observation Codes

EICR Electrical Installation Condition Report Observation Codes

An Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) is an official document produced after a thorough inspection of a building’s electrical installation has been carried out. The report involves various checks, including Fixed Wire Testing, to ensure the system is compliant with BS 7671, the national standard for electrical installations.

A vital part of commercial or residential building maintenance, an EICR will enable you to fix issues before they have chance to cause damage or injury. For each Electrical Installation Condition Report, which highlights the state of your equipment, you’ll be given an in-depth list of coded observations, revealing any concerns that the testing engineer has with your installation.

Ranging in severity, there are four EICR observation codes, C1, C2, C3 and FI. In order to achieve a compliant electrical system, you will be required to repair any C1, C2 and FI faults quickly, but rectifying all faults, even those not considered immediately hazardous, is the best approach to achieving a safe and efficient workplace.

Understanding each EICR observation code can be challenging, so here we break down each of them, so you can better understand your Electrical Installation Condition Report now, and in the future.

Observation Code C3

Code 3 is a low-level code defined as ‘Improvement Recommended’, this code means a non-regulatory issue has been identified or an element of the installation is recommended to be improved, but there is no immediate danger. A certificate can have a satisfactory outcome if there are only C3’s reported on it.

Observation Code FI

The FI observation code highlights that further investigation into the system is required. This generally means our engineer has found something that needs to be looked at in more depth. You will be given an overall unsatisfactory report, until the engineer can confirm whether the system is safe by carrying out further investigation work. A typical example is circuits that are untraced at the time of testing and our engineer can not verify their use, so we can’t deem the installation as satisfactory until these circuits have been traced and tested and disconnected if they are no longer in use.

Observation Code C2

C2 means there is a potentially dangerous defect with your electrical system and urgent corrective work is required. The issue probably isn’t an immediate concern, but it’s likely to become dangerous if ignored. For example, there might be an earth fault in part of the installation.

Observation Code C1

The most severe observation code, C1 means danger is present and there is an immediate threat to safety. If you are given a C1 code, action is mandatory. A C1 defect might be issued if part of the electrical system has been damaged and exposed live connections can be touched causing an immediate risk of electrical shock. In the event of a C1 code our engineer will issue you with a “Danger Notice” and we can under instruction repair this defect to satisfactory state.

What’s next?

Both C1 and C2 observation codes will result in an unsatisfactory report rating and you’ll be obligated to get the issues corrected in order to remain compliant with BS 7671 electrical installation standards.

We can carry out the required remedial works to make the installation compliant and then issue you with an Electrical Installation Certificate (EIC) or a Minor Works Certificate (MW) for the repairs, along with a satisfactory Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR), as proof that your system is safe and compliant.

You can carry out the repair works using others in which case we will need a return visit to fully inspect the repairs before re issuing your certificate as satisfactory.

As well as business premises, it’s recommended that residential homes have an EICR every 10 years, in order to make sure the internal electrics are in good condition.

At Hexo Services, we can carry out your testing, fix any issues and supply you with legal documentation. To find out more about EICR, Fixed Wire Testing, and your legal obligations, get in touch with us by emailing, or calling 0207 315 4151.